5 Essential Web Development Skills to Learn in 2021

22 Jun 2021

If you are an aspiring web developer looking to take your skills to the next level, or you are only starting a career in this field, this article will be of great interest to you. We will cover technologies, tools, languages, frameworks, and libraries. Questions like “Which programming languages are used in web development?” and “What skills are necessary?” are very common among prospective web developers. In addition to subtleties, we will cover basics, such as the most important things a web developer should know. And of course, we are going to touch base on the three main web development tools, namely HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This article is based on our employees’ experience and includes the most essential and relevant information a web developer should know in 2021. 

2. HTML 5

HTML is the first and foremost thing anyone interested in becoming a web developer should learn. Even though HTML has been around for a while, it is still relevant, and there is no way around learning it. In a nutshell, it is a markup language that is used to specify the structure of your page. However, it doesn’t happen very often that one creates a web page by writing HTML. The bulk is done in an advanced framework like React or Angular. However, in any case, you will need HTML to understand and solve problems and debug.

2. CSS

Besides HTML, there is another crucial technology for web development, namely CSS. CSS is used to style web pages and make them more eye-pleasing. You can also define the layout of the element using CSS. Similar to HTML, it is rare to come across web developers who write CSS classes by hand; instead, they use frameworks like Bootstrap, Materialize, etc. Since it is an absolute must for websites to have an element of design, you have to learn CSS. It is not a secret that CSS is evolving, so we have such features as Flex and Grid. 

3. Javascript

Every web developer should be fluent in the Javascript programming language. Without Javascript, the web wouldn’t have been as we know it today. Javascript makes your web page interactive. You can introduce animations, add hovers, etc. Moreover, you can develop a full-fledged web application end-to-end, implementing only Javascript. This programming language evolved from being primarily frontend to full-stack, so it can be used for writing backend code. It is possible due to Nodejs, a framework for developers. It is an absolute necessity to know Javascript for both frontend and backend web developers. 

4. React.js

Web development services underwent noticeable changes over the last few years. Today you don’t need to write HTML and CSS to create a webpage. You have frameworks like React, which can be used to create dynamic web pages. This is the very reason why web developers should be well versed in working with such frameworks. There are many other frameworks, in addition, to React like Angular, Svelte, and Vuejs. However, we recommend learning React, as numerous companies widely use it, and it is here to stay. 

5. Node Package Manager (NPM)

NPM is one of the most commonly used web development tools. It can be utilized to avoid writing code for every other reason. For instance, if you need to create dynamic web pages, you can just import frameworks from NPM. It is a software registry that can be used to host around 1000,000 code packages. This tool consists of a command-line client where one can download modules. It also hosts both public and private packages online. 

So, these are the essentials that should be learned by every promising web developer in 2021. We mentioned the technologies important for every web developer, and especially for frontend developers. Of course, as a web developer, you should learn a lot, and the list we have provided is not complete, so continue your research and improve every day. 

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